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中英对照:习近平在中国共产党第二十次全国代表大会上的报告 [4]

Report to the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China [4]

香港、澳门落实“一国两制”的体制机制不健全;国家安全受到严峻挑战, 等等。
The institutions and mechanisms for implementing the policy of One Country, Two Systems in Hong Kong and Macao were not well-developed, and China faced grave challenges to its national security.
These were just some of the problems we faced. Back then, many people, both in and outside of our Party, were worried about the future of the Party and the country.
In the face of these acute problems and challenges, which undermined the Party’s long- term governance, the security and stability of the country, and the wellbeing of the people, the Party Central Committee fully assessed the situation, made resolute decisions, and took firm steps. Under its leadership, the entire Party, the military, and the Chinese people were brought together. We rolled up our sleeves and got down to work, forging ahead with resolve to carry out a great struggle with many new features of our times.
十年来,我们坚持马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论、“三个代表”重要思想、科学发展观,全面贯彻新时代中国特色社会主义思想,全面贯彻党的基本路线、基本方略,采取一系列战略性举措,推进一系列变革性实践,实现一系列突破性进展,取得一系列标志性成果,经受住了来自政治、经济、意识形态、自然界等方面的风险挑战考验,党和国家事业取得历史性成就、发生历史性变革, 推动我国迈上全面建设社会主义现代化国家新征程。
Over the past decade, we have stayed committed to Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development, and we have fully implemented the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era as well as the Party’s basic line and basic policy. We have adopted a number of strategic measures, developed a range of transformative practices, and made a series of breakthroughs and landmark advances. We have withstood risks, challenges, and trials in the political, economic, ideological, and natural domains, secured historic achievements and seen historic changes in the cause of the Party and the country, and taken China on a new journey toward building a modern socialist country in all respects.
——我们创立了新时代中国特色社会主义思想,明确坚持和发展中国特色社会主义的基本方略,提出一系列治国理政新理念新思想新战略,实现了马克思主义中国化时代化新的飞跃,坚持不懈用这一创新理论武装头脑、指导实践、推动工作, 为新时代党和国家事业发展提供了根本遵循。
—We have established the Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. In doing so, we have laid out the basic policy for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, put forward a series of new ideas, new thinking, and new strategies on national governance, and achieved a new breakthrough in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of our times. We have endeavored to use this new theory to arm ourselves intellectually, guide our practice, and advance our work. This theory provides us with fundamental guidance for advancing the cause of our Party and our country in the new era.
—We have strengthened Party leadership in all respects. We have made clear that the leadership of the Communist Party of China is the defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the greatest strength of the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, that the Party is the highest force of political leadership, and that upholding the centralized, unified leadership of the Party Central Committee is the highest political principle. We have made systematic improvements to the Party’s leadership systems. All Party members have become more conscious of the need to maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment with the central Party leadership. They have become more purposeful in closely following the Party Central Committee in thinking, political stance, and action, and they have continued to improve their capacity for political judgment, thinking, and implementation. All this has ensured the Party Central Committee’s authority and its centralized, unified leadership and guaranteed that the Party fulfills its core role of exercising overall leadership and coordinating the efforts of all sides. Now, our Marxist party of over 96 million members enjoys greater unity and solidarity than ever.
—We have developed well-conceived and complete strategic plans for advancing the cause of the Party and the country in the new era. We have put forward the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and proposed promoting national rejuvenation through a Chinese path to modernization. We have made well-coordinated efforts to advance our great struggle, our great project, our great cause, and our great dream. We have adopted the Five-Sphere Integrated Plan and the Four-Pronged Comprehensive Strategy1 as well as the general principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability, and we have worked to both pursue development and safeguard security. We have identified the principal contradiction facing Chinese society as that between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life, and we have made it clear that closing this gap should be the focus of all our initiatives. With these efforts, we have made constant progress in enriching and developing a new form of human advancement. (1 The Five-Sphere Integrated Plan is to promote coordinated economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological advancement. The Four-Pronged Comprehensive Strategy is to make comprehensive moves to build a modern socialist country, deepen reform, advance law-based governance, and strengthen Party self-governance.)
——我们经过接续奋斗,实现了小康这个中华民族的千年梦想,我国发展站在了更高历史起点上。我们坚持精准扶贫、尽锐出战,打赢了人类历史上规模最大的脱贫攻坚战,全国八百三十二个贫困县全部摘帽,近一亿农村贫困人口实现脱贫, 九百六十多万贫困人口实现易地搬迁,历史性地解决了绝对贫困问题,为全球减贫事业作出了重大贡献。
—We have achieved moderate prosperity, the millennia-old dream of the Chinese nation, through persistent hard work. With this, we have elevated China to a higher historical starting point in development. By galvanizing the entire nation to carry out targeted poverty alleviation, we have won the largest battle against poverty in human history. A total of 832 impoverished counties and close to 100 million poor rural residents have been lifted out of poverty, and, among them, more than 9.6 million poverty-stricken people have been relocated from inhospitable areas. We have, once and for all, resolved the problem of absolute poverty in China, making significant contributions to the cause of global poverty reduction.
——我们提出并贯彻新发展理念,着力推进高质量发展,推动构建新发展格局, 实施供给侧结构性改革,制定一系列具有全局性意义的区域重大战略,我国经济实力实现历史性跃升。
—We have put forward and applied a new development philosophy, worked hard to promote high-quality development, and pushed to foster a new pattern of development. We have carried out supply-side structural reform, formulated a series of major regional strategies important to China’s overall development, and brought about a historic rise in China’s economic strength.
国内生产总值从五十四万亿元增长到一百一十四万亿元, 我国经济总量占世界经济的比重达百分之十八点五,提高七点二个百分点,稳居世界第二位;人均国内生产总值从三万九千八百元增加到八万一千元。谷物总产量稳居世界首位,十四亿多人的粮食安全、能源安全得到有效保障。城镇化率提高十一点六个百分点,达到百分之六十四点七。制造业规模、外汇储备稳居世界第一。建成世界最大的高速铁路网、高速公路网,机场港口、水利、能源、信息等基础设施建设取得重大成就。
In the past decade, China’s GDP has grown from 54 trillion yuan to 114 trillion yuan to account for 18.5 percent of the world economy, up 7.2 percentage points. China has remained the world’s second largest economy, and its per capita GDP has risen from 39,800 yuan to 81,000 yuan. It ranks first in the world in terms of grain output, and it has ensured food and energy security for its more than 1.4 billion people. The number of permanent urban residents has grown by 11.6 percentage points to account for 64.7 percent of the population. China’s manufacturing sector is the largest in the world, as are its foreign exchange reserves. China has built the world’s largest networks of high- speed railways and expressways and made major achievements in building airports, ports, and water conservancy, energy, information, and other infrastructure.